Divorce can be complicated, frustrating, disappointing, expensive, along with a whole range of other emotions, as anyone who has endured this type of proceeding can attest. As difficult as the issues can be in a divorce proceeding, can you imagine what happens when divorce involves a child with a disability?
Just in time for our workshop on Special Needs Planning, let's review an often overlooked aspect in this important planning process. This is the 2nd in a three part series offered today, yesterday and Monday.
Let's tackle this issue by focusing on one case study to illustrate how much more difficult the issues can be when a child with a disability is involved in the marital split and how important it is to have someone knowledgeable in government benefits and special needs planning issues participate in the proceedings.
Can a d4A Trust Hold the Daughter's Income?
The second major issue in this case pertained to the daughter's income surplus for Medicaid purposes. As a Medicaid recipient, daughter's income (solely in the form of child support payments she received from her father) could have prevented her from receiving Medicaid benefits as an adult. The husband wanted the court to order the creation of a self-settled special needs trust under 42 USC Section 1396p(d)(4)(A) (often referred to as a "d4a trust"), and have the child support payments irrevocably assigned into the newly established trust, thereby eliminating any surplus income.
Unfortunately, the husband and wife could not agree on the establishment of a d4a trust. The wife questioned whether such a trust could legitimately receive child support payments. She also testified that she may move to a different state to be with family and that such a move would require a payback to the first state, reducing available trust funds that would be needed to care for her daughter. What the wife didn't realize was that under the Social Security Program Operations Manual System (POMS) Section SI 01120.200G(1)(d), an irrevocable assignment of child support payments (i.e., as a result of a court order), is not income for SSI purposes and therefore would not count for purposes of determining daughter's SSI or Medicaid eligibility or the amount to be received under either program.
In addition, there is no such requirement for payback when a Medicaid recipient and d4a trust beneficiary moves from one state to another, a point that was made through expert testimony. The only time payback to any state would be required is when the disabled daughter dies.
The Lesson Learned
The issues in the case study above make it clear that when a child with a disability becomes part of a divorce proceeding, difficult issues arise that warrant the expertise of elder law and special needs planning attorneys. Matrimonial or family law attorneys will very likely not possess the expertise needed to address these issues.
You can learn more about this topic as well as other strategies on our website under the tab entitled: special needs planning in Virginia. Be sure you also sign up for our complimentary e-newsletter so that you may be informed of all the latest issues that could affect you, your loved ones and your estate planning. However, proper estate planning is not a do-it-yourself project. Why not call us for a complimentary consultation at 757-259-0707.